Active ingredients for dehydrated skin
The dehydrated skin is in lack of water; thus, the best way to hydrate it is to introduce water to the skin cells. The most suitable method to do so is not by using oils, but certain ingredients in your moisturizer (as well as with drinking plenty of water).
- Glycerin. It absorbs the water content from the air and locks it in the skin. Moreover, it prevents water evaporation from the skin. As a result, the glycerin contributes to smoother and more hydrated look. Also, it boosts skin cells’ regeneration to create thicker lipid barrier.
- Aloe vera. It has high water content. Thus it deeply hydrates the skin and creates a barrier so that the moisture cannot evaporate from the epidermis.
- Collagen. It strengthens the skin barrier and makes it more flexible. This way, when the skin receives water from the outside, it can retain the hydration, but not evaporate it.
- Niacinamide (Vitamin B3). This ingredient can make you or break you. And before you try it, you won’t know what the effect on you will be. Vitamin B3 works wonderfully for some people as it boosts lipid production and seals all moisture inside the skin (like glycerin). However, some people experience clogged pores and breakout because the niacinamide performs so effectively, that the excessive sebum in the skin cannot exit through the pores and stays locked in the epidermis.
- Glycolic and hyaluronic acid. They act as exfoliating agents to peel the top layer of the skin and release the new, fresh, nourished skin.
- Biotin. Moisturizes, soothes, boosts the regeneration of skin cells, and fights free radicals damage.
If your skin is dehydrated, it is important to avoid harsh, irritating, drying ingredients, such as:
- Alcohols. They help the other ingredients in your cosmetic products to penetrate the skin. Yet, when the skin is absorbing those alcohols, they have a drying effect and can cause severe breakouts. If you are curious, you can also read my in-depth article about types and uses of alcohols in cosmetics.
- Petroleum-based products (also mineral oil)
- Silicones. Block the pores and traps any dirt inside.
- Sulfates. This ingredient is usually used as a foaming agent, which removes all kinds of oils from the skin (both natural and artificial). Therefore, they are very drying and irritating, causing dullness and flakiness.