One out of every 15 women is suffering from Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) on a global scale. Yet, 75% of those women are left undiagnosed after their gynecologist appointment.
In RawBeautySource, we believe that this health condition should not be underestimated and neglected. That is why, in this article, you will find all the practical information you need to gain clarity on this such an important topic.
Let’s get started!
What is PCOS?
As the name suggests, PCOS is a health condition where cysts are being created around the ovaries. It can happen either on only one or both of the ovaries of women at reproductive age. The cysts block the proper function of the ovaries by secreting androgen (men hormone). As a result, this condition negatively impacts the hormone levels, as well as the fertility and menstrual cycle regularity.
What causes PCOS?
There are three factors, which are medically proven to cause cysts formations. Those are genetics, androgens, and insulin.
Women with female relatives, who suffer from PCOS, are more prone to suffering from the syndrome than women who do not have blood relations with such patients. Therefore, if your mother, grandmother, or aunt has suffered from this health condition, it is recommended for you to do regular checks with your gynecologist.
Androgens are hormones that are usually produced in man’s body, but women also naturally produce them in small doses. However, inappropriate lifestyle may increase the production of this hormone in the females’ body, which leads to development of PCOS.
Insulin is a hormone that is excreted by the pancreas. It helps the glucose to penetrate from the blood into the body cells so that they can start using it as fuel to create energy. However, in some cases, the body cells become resistant to insulin, and the pancreas starts producing bigger amounts of the hormone to make the cells convert the glucose into body fuel. This condition called insulin resistance often leads to sudden gain weight and high blood insulin levels. As the formation of fatty tissue is stimulated, the body becomes prone to creating cysts, especially around the ovaries.
Even though there are many speculations about the treatment for polycystic ovary syndrome. Many people claim that this condition is the cause of insulin resistance, but the truth is exactly the contrary. And if you suffer from both PCOS and IR, it is crucial to treat the cause and not the symptom. This way, you will ensure long-term health improvement and not only temporary symptom relief.
Symptoms of PCOS
All the symptoms are closely related to fertility problems and hormonal misbalance. Let’s see each one of them in detail:
- Your menstrual cycle becomes irregular. That is because the cysts delay, and may even block the ovulatory functions of the ovaries. Logically, if the ovulation is delayed, the menstrual cycle is delayed too (deviation of up to 10 days is considered normal). In the cases when ovulation is totally blocked, the menstrual cycle skips months, until the cysts start to disappear.
- PCOS causes infertility due to the damaged ovulation process. And when the ovaries’ functions to produce and release an egg are disrupted, there is no opportunity for conceiving. That is why most of the women who suffer from ovary cysts are temporary infertile until the condition is healed.
Keep in mind that having PCOS does not mean that you are permanently infertile! This condition is reversible!
- Weight gain around the waist. As PCOS is always accompanied by hormone changes, 40 % of the people who suffer from this health condition face difficulty losing weight and experience sudden weight gain.
- A sudden appearance of acne vulgaris may be considered a cause of PCOS. The reason for this is the increased level of male hormones in the body, which stimulate the functions of the sebaceous glands in the dermis.
- Excessive hair growth on the chin, face, chest, belly, or other parts of the body, which usually are not hairy, may be signs of PCOS. Again, this is caused by hormonal changes and misbalances.
Disclaimer: I am not a doctor, and I do not aim to give any medical advice. The information presented in this article is based on scientific research and personal experience and aims to give information about the topic.