Active ingredients for sensitive skin
Sensitive skin is reactive and prone to irritations, redness, itchiness, and flakiness. This is the reason why there is a small number of ingredients which are suitable for taking care of sensitive skin. The goal of the cosmetic products is to create stronger lipid barrier so that the skin is protected from external irritators.
- Ceramides. They strengthen the lipid barrier in a natural way, without causing any negative skin reactions. The ceramides are tiny lipids that fill in the gaps that damaged skin cells cause. This way the skin strengthens its protection from free radicals damage, such as pollution, extreme temperature, radiation, UV rays, and others.
- Natural oils: almond, jojoba, argan, apricot, grapeseed, chamomile, calendula, borage oils, shea butter. They calm the reactive skin in a natural way and maintain its moisture balance. Besides, they introduce nutrients into the epidermis, such as vitamins E, A and C, which have a detox effect.
- Oat protein. It reduces inflammation, calms the skin, and strengthens the lipid barrier.
- Panthenol. Soothes moisturizes and cools the skin.
- Allantoin. Calms itchiness, redness, and flakiness. Moisturizes the skin.
- Biotin. Moisturizes, soothes, boosts the regeneration of skin cells, and fights free radicals damage
All controversial and harsh ingredients should be avoided:
- Parabens. Those preservatives negatively impact the hormone function and may cause red spots, rash, swelling, and blemishes.
- Sulfates. Strip the natural oils from the skin and cause dryness and irritation.
- Silicones. Block the pores and trap dirt and toxic particles inside.
- Alcohols. They are very drying to the skin out and destroy its natural barrier, thus, weaken its protective properties and causes tons of irritations, such as redness, flaking, itching, etc.
- Acids (glycolic, hyaluronic, salicylic, lactic). They exfoliate the top layer of the skin. Yet, for reactive skin types, those acids are very irritating and can even cause blisters and unhealing wounds.
- Aloe vera (some very sensitive and atopic skins are reactive to it)
- Petroleum-based products. Destroy the skin barrier, irritate, may cause an itchy and burning sensation.
- Perfumes. Often contain alcohols, which can be drying and irritating.
Keep in mind that not all the products which say “For sensitive skin” are free of those irritating ingredients”.